On Aug. 1, 1961, Six Flags Over Texas opens. The park was the first to feature log flume, 360-degree looping roller coaster and modern parachute drop. The park also pioneered the concept of an all-inclusive admission price.

On Aug. 2, 1876, “Wild Bill” Hickok, one of the greatest gunfighters of the American West, is murdered in Deadwood, South Dakota. Hickok was playing cards with his back to the saloon door when a young gunslinger named Jack McCall shot him in the back of the head.

On Aug. 3, 1958, the U.S. nuclear submarine Nautilus accomplishes the first undersea voyage to the geographic North Pole. The world’s first nuclear submarine traveled nearly 1,000 miles under the Arctic ice cap to reach the pole.

On Aug. 4, 1944, acting on a tip from a Dutch informer, the Nazi Gestapo captures 15-year-old Jewish diarist Anne Frank and her family in a sealed-off area of an Amsterdam warehouse. The Franks had taken shelter there in 1942 out of fear of deportation to a Nazi concentration camp.

On Aug. 6, 1928, Andy Warhol, one of the most influential artists of the latter part of the 20th century, is born in Pittsburgh. Warhol, a pioneer of the pop art movement, painted comic strips, canned soup and soft drinks because an early art teacher told him to paint things he liked.

On Aug. 7, 1782, Gen. George Washington, the commander in chief of the Continental Army, creates the “Badge for Military Merit,” a decoration consisting of a purple, heart-shaped piece of silk. The Purple Heart is awarded to members of the U.S. armed forces who have been killed or wounded in action against an enemy.

On Aug. 8, 1988, the Chicago Cubs host the first night game in the history of Wrigley Field when they play the Philadelphia Phillies. The game was called due to rain in the bottom of the fourth inning.

On Aug. 9, 1974, Gerald Ford is sworn in as the 38th president of the United States after the resignation of Richard Nixon. In a television address, Ford declared, “My fellow Americans, our long national nightmare is over.”

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